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Government borrowing fell in April compared with the same month last year, as parts of the economy reopened after lockdown measures eased.

Borrowing - the difference between spending and tax income - was £31.7bn, official figures show, which was £15.6bn lower than April last year.

However, the figure was the second highest for April since records began.

Borrowing has been hitting record levels with billions being spent on measures such as furlough payments.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) now estimates that the government borrowed a total of £300.3bn in the financial year to March. While that was down slightly from its previous estimate of £303.1bn, it remains the highest level since the end of World War Two.

Public borrowing graphic
The ONS said the cost of measures to support individuals and businesses during the pandemic meant that day-to-day spending by the government rose by £204.1bn to £942.7bn last year.


The huge amount of borrowing over the past year has now pushed government debt up to £2.17 trillion, which is 98.5% of GDP - a rate not seen since the early 1960s.

Net debt chart
April's borrowing figure was lower than official forecasts. The Office for Budget Responsibility, the fiscal watchdog, had predicted borrowing would reach £39bn last month.

Parts of the economy began to reopen in April, including pubs and restaurants as well as hairdressers and gyms.

Tax receipts in April were £58bn, which was up slightly from the same month last year when receipts were £54.2bn.

The government's borrowing figures were also boosted by smaller than expected interest payments on debt.

Where does the government borrow billions from?
"April's public finances figures showed that the government's financial position isn't as bad as the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) predicted only two months ago, reinforcing our view that the tax hikes and spending cuts that most fear may be avoided," said Ruth Gregory, senior UK economist at Capital Economics.

Samuel Tombs, chief UK economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics said public borrowing "should continue to undershoot" the OBR's forecast it published alongside the Budget in March amid expectations of a strong recovery in GDP.

However, he said: "The chancellor's room for manoeuvre on austerity measures will depend on the size of the long-term hit to potential GDP from the recent recession.

"While 'scarring' should be smaller than after past recessions, given that the unemployment rate has remained low, we still see significant costs in the form of diminished investment and an unprecedented exodus of non-UK nationals."

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